Abdominal Pain

Associated with transient disorders, Abdominal Pain or Stomach Ache is a common condition. Cause of Abdominal Pain is difficult to diagnose as it can be caused by many diseases. Commonly these pains are not serious and tend to go away on their own but serious cases require urgent medical intervention.


Acute Abdominal Pain is defined as severe, continuous sudden pain in the Abdomen that requires surgical intervention for treatment. This pain is associated with Nausea, Vomiting, Fever and Abdominal Distention. Condition commonly associated with Acute Abdominal Pain is Appendicitis.


In the case of following symptoms one must contact their healthcare provider.

  • Fever

  • Problem in passing of Stool

  • Painful, frequent urination

  • Tender feeling while touching the Abdomen

Also seek medical attention if you experience following symptoms.

  • Vomiting blood

  • Blood in stools

  • Breathing difficulty

  • Pain during Pregnancy


Causes for the abdominal pain are of four types which are as follows.

  • Traumatic:-

The cause for Abdominal Pain is due to a physical injury to the Stomach, Bowel, Spleen Liver or Kidney.

  • Inflammatory:-

Inflammatory causes include following conditions.

  • Infections that include Appendicitis. Pancreatitis, Hepatitis or Pelvic Inflammatory Disease.

  • Perforations including Peptic Ulcer, Diverticulum or Caecum.

  • Inflammatory Bowel Diseases including Crohn’s Disease or Ulcerative Colitis.

  • Mechanical:-

Mechanical causes are of two type i.e.

  • Small Bowel Obstruction is caused by previous surgeries, Hernias, Benign or malignant Neoplasm.

  • Large Bowel Obstruction is caused by Colorectal Cancer, Inflammatory Bowel Disease or Hernias.

  • Vascular:-

It usually contains Occlusive Intestinal Ischemia. This is caused due to Thromboembolism of Superior Mesenteric Artery.


Treatment for abdominal Pain depends upon its cause. Treatments include medications for some conditions of pain like

  • Inflammations

  • GERD

  • Ulcers

Antibiotics for Infections caused by

  • Bacteria.

  • Viruses.

Some cases might require surgery which include

Tests to determine the Abdominal Pain are as follows.

  • Blood, Urine, Stool Tests

  • CT Scan

  • Colonoscopy

  • Ultrasound of Abdomen

  • X-Ray of Abdomen

To cure Abdominal Pain in home following tips can prove useful.

  • Avoid solid food for a few days.

  • Drink water or other fluids.

  • If the pain is accompanied with vomiting then avoid dairy products and eat mild foods.

  • Antacids might help if the Abdominal Pain elevates after meals.

  • Avoid Aspirin, Ibuprofen or any other inflammatory medications until the doctor prescribes so.

  • If the pain is not associated with Liver use Acetaminophen (Tylenol).