Dysuria is discomfort related to the urination. Painful urination is commonly referred to as dysuria. The burning pain on urine discharge due to bacterial infections is a common complaint. Dysuria is an important symptom that is helpful in diagnosing the urinary tract problems.


Following are some of the main possible causes of dysuria:

  • Urinary tract infection

  • Kidney stones

  • Acute infective cystitis

  • Vaginitis

  • Urethritis

  • Vaginal yeast infection

  • Orchitis

  • Benign prostatic hypertrophy

  • Reactive arthritis

  • Pelvic inflammatory disease

  • Ectopic pregnancy

  • Urethral stricture

  • Certain medications such as allopurinol


Dysuria manifestations depend upon the causes and symptoms are usually different in different patients. However, the key symptom in dysuria is pain in almost all the cases. Other symptoms may include:

  • Nausea

  • Cloudy urine

  • Urinary urgency

  • Fever

  • Foul smelling urine


Dysuria can be diagnosed by taking a complete history of the patient. Patient is asked about the pain and associated symptoms in details. In complex cases, urine analysis and microscope tests are performed to confirm the diagnosis.


Treatment of dysuria focuses on removing the basic cause for inducing this problem. Antibiotics are effective most of the times as urinary tract infections are most common cause of dysuria. In case of kidney stones or severe renal complications, intense drugs therapy and surgical procedures are needed to treat this condition.